Форма обратной связи

Заполните все поля для заказа звонка!



Доставка груза в любую точку мира

Будем рады сотрудничать с вами!

Морская энциклопедия, инкотермс

Расшифровки наиболее часто встречающихся иностранных судоходных и торговых аббревиатур

Выберите первую букву слова , которое вы ищете

BCDEFHJLUV

Barcode

A barcode (also bar code) is a machine-readable (using dark ink on white substrate to create high and low reflectance which is converted to 1s and 0s) representation of information in a visual format on a surface. Originally barcodes stored data in the widths and spacings of printed parallel lines, but today they also come in patterns of dots, concentric circles, and text codes hidden within images. Barcodes can be read by optical scanners called barcode readers or scanned from an image by special software. Barcodes are widely used to implement Auto name Data Capture (AIDC) systems that improve the speed and accuracy of computer data entry.

Cost and Freight (CFR)

The delivery of goods to the named port of destination (discharge) at the seller’s expense. Buyer is responsible for the cargo insurance and other costs and risks. The term CFR was formerly written as C&F. Many importers and exporters worldwide still use the term C&F.

Cost, Insurance and Freight (CIF)

The cargo insurance and delivery of goods to the named port of destination (discharge) at the seller’s expense. Buyer is responsible for the import customs clearance and other costs and risks.

Carriage Paid To (CPT)

The delivery of goods to the named place of destination (discharge) at seller’s expense. Buyer assumes the cargo insurance, import customs clearance, payment of customs duties and taxes, and other costs and risks.

Carriage and Insurance Paid To (CIP)

The delivery of goods and the cargo insurance to the named place of destination (discharge) at seller’s expense. Buyer assumes the import customs clearance, payment of customs duties and taxes, and other costs and risks.

Cash-On-Delivery

Cash-on-delivery is when the customer pays for merchandise when it is delivered, instead of upfront.

Delivered At Frontier (DAF)

The delivery of goods to the specified point at the frontier at seller’s expense. Buyer is responsible for the import customs clearance, payment of customs duties and taxes, and other costs and risks.

Delivered Ex Ship (DES)

The delivery of goods on board the vessel at the named port of destination (discharge), at seller’s expense. Buyer assumes the unloading fee, import customs clearance, payment of customs duties and taxes, cargo insurance, and other costs and risks.

Delivered Ex Quay (DEQ)

The delivery of goods to the quay (the port) at destination at seller’s expense. Seller is responsible for the import customs clearance and payment of customs duties and taxes at the buyer’s end. Buyer assumes the cargo insurance and other costs and risks.

Delivered Duty Unpaid (DDU)

The delivery of goods and the cargo insurance to the final point at destination, which is often the project site or buyer’s premises, at seller’s expense. Buyer assumes the import customs clearance and payment of customs duties and taxes. The seller may opt not to insure the goods at his/her own risks.

Delivered Duty Paid (DDP)

The seller is responsible for most of the expenses, which include the cargo insurance, import customs clearance, and payment of customs duties and taxes at the buyer’s end, and the delivery of goods to the final point at destination, which is often the project site or buyer’s premises. The seller may opt not to insure the goods at his/her own risks.

Ex Works (EXW)

Ex means from. Works means factory, mill or warehouse, which is the seller’s premises. EXW applies to goods available only at the seller’s premises. Buyer is responsible for loading the goods on truck or container at the seller’s premises, and for the subsequent costs and risks.

Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)

Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) is a set of standards for structuring information to be electronically exchanged between and within businesses, organizations, government entities and other groups. The standards describe structures that emulate documents, for example purchase orders to automate purchasing. The term EDI is also used to refer to the implementation and operation of systems and processes for creating, transmitting, and receiving EDI documents.

Free Carrier (FCA)

The delivery of goods on truck, rail car or container at the specified point (depot) of departure, which is usually the seller’s premises, or a named railroad station or a named cargo terminal or into the custody of the carrier, at seller’s expense. The point (depot) at origin may or may not be a customs clearance center. Buyer is responsible for the main carriage/freight, cargo insurance and other costs and risks.

Free Alongside Ship (FAS)

Goods are placed in the dock shed or at the side of the ship, on the dock or lighter, within reach of its loading equipment so that they can be loaded aboard the ship, at seller’s expense. Buyer is responsible for the loading fee, main carriage/freight, cargo insurance, and other costs and risks.

Free On Board (FOB)

The delivery of goods on board the vessel at the named port of origin (loading), at seller’s expense. Buyer is responsible for the main carriage/freight, cargo insurance and other costs and risks.

First in/First out (FIFO)

FIFO is a method of accounting for inventory where the merchandise purchased first is assumed to be sold completely before items purchased later are sold.

HUB and SPOKE

The Spoke-hub distribution paradigm (also known as a hub and spoke model or hub and spoke network) derives its name from a bicycle wheel, which consists of a number of spokes extending outward from a central hub. In the abstract sense, a location is selected to be a hub, and the paths that lead from points of origin and destination are considered spokes. The model is commonly used in industry, in particular in transport, telecommunications and freight, as well as in distributed computing.

Just-in-time (JIT)

Just-in-time inventory system is designed to ensure that materials or supplies arrive at a facility just when they are needed so that storage and holding costs are minimized. The just-in-time system requires considerable cooperation between the supplier and the customer. The customer must specify what will be needed, when, and in what amounts. The supplier must be sure that the right supplies arrive at the agreed-on time and location.

Last In/First Out (LIFO)

LIFO is a method of accounting for ending inventory where merchandise purchased last is assumed to be sold completely before any earlier purchased items are sold.

UN/EDIFACT

UN/EDIFACT is the international EDI standard developed under the United Nations. The acronym stands for United Nations/Electronic Data Interchange For Administration, Commerce, and Transport.

Value-Added-Services (VAS)

Value-added services (VAS) are unlike core services. They have unique characteristics and they relate to other services in a completely different way. They also provide benefits that core services can not.